Categories
Law

For this assignment, you will select a contemporary issue that is negatively imp

For this assignment, you will select a contemporary issue that is negatively impacting the delivery of criminal justice—one that will be the focus of
your final case analysis and recommendation brief. Although you may choose your own topic, you may not choose public policy. In this publish, you will
demonstrate your understanding of the issue and its history, evolution, and development. You will need to focus on past and future criminological theories and
policies behind the issue. Given your analysis of the issue, discuss the impact on society and what problems need to be addressed to remedy the negative
ramifications.
Your submission should include reference to recent peer-reviewed articles, be 1 to 2 pages in length (in addition to title and reference
pages) and should use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Use APA style to cite your sources within the text of your paper
and on the reference page.

Categories
Law

Question 1 (100 points) During a recent salmonella outbreak, thousands of indivi

Question 1 (100 points)
During a recent salmonella outbreak, thousands of individuals became seriously ill. Thankfully, no one died. A subsequent investigation revealed that the source of the outbreak came from “fresh-squeezed” orange juice served in restaurants and available in health food stores. Ironically, many people think of “fresh-squeezed” juices as being better for them than “processed” juices. However, if “fresh-squeezed” juice is made from produce contaminated with salmonella bacteria, the bacteria can transfer to the juice and cause the individual who consumes it to become ill (e.g. nausea and vomiting). The illness typically lasts for no more than a week, but it can lead to long term complications or even death.
In response to the public outrage over the outbreak, Congress enacted the Food Safety Act of 2022 (FSA). Section 301 of the FSA states Congress’ intention to “establish a nationwide program to protect juice consumers from the adverse effects of tainted produce and juices made from that produce.” The FSA contains many provisions. Section 302 of the FSA establishes licensing and citrus processing education requirements for “individuals employed by any juice maker.” Section 302 requires all such individuals to obtain a license within 30 days of being hired by a juice making company and it states that the license can only be obtained after 4 weeks of education and training (paid for by the employer) regarding the handling of produce and the making of juices from that produce. In addition, Section 303 of the FSA creates a regulatory scheme designed to establish safe juice making procedures and minimum prices (via a formula that takes account of local market conditions) for juice sold by juice processors. Apparently, the investigation into the outbreak revealed that some of the bad juice came from processors selling their product at very low prices (i.e. they had taken safety shortcuts in their procedures to enable low cost production).
Julius James (JJ) owns Florida Citrus Incorporated (FCI). FCI prides itself on its non-processed juices made and sold in Florida. JJ purchases oranges and other citrus fruits only from Florida farms and orchards. The fruit is shipped to FCI’s small facility in Fort Meyers, Florida. The juice made at the Fort Meyers facility is sold only to health food stores and restaurants located in Florida. FCI has annual sales revenue of approximately $1,250,000 and employs 25 people. By comparison, Miami Citrus Company, one of FCI’s competitors, employs hundreds of people, has annual sale revenues of over $50 million, and its juices are sold throughout the southeastern United States.
Juice made by FCI was not involved in the salmonella outbreak. Nevertheless, it seems FCI must comply with the FSA. JJ estimates it will cost FCI upwards of $15,000 just to comply with the licensing/education requirements of §302 because he will have to pay for all his current employees to undergo the required training. He’ll also have to pay for the training of any new employees he hires. In addition, he will have to pay higher wages to them to prevent them from leaving FCI once they’ve obtained the license. Moreover, he is upset that the §303 procedures and price requirements will require FCI to spend additional monies—he estimates an amount close to $600,000—on new equipment and will force FCI to sell its juice at a price higher than the price at which it has previously sold perfectly safe juice.
JJ has come to his attorney to see if there is any way FCI can avoid complying with the FSA. The attorney thinks FCI has an argument based on the commerce clause and she has asked you, her law clerk, to research this issue and write a memo summarizing your findings. In particular, the partner has asked you to answer the following questions:
Assume that cases decided from 1937 to through the end of 2012 are the applicable law.State the general rule of law applied by the Supreme Court in determining whether or not statutes such as the Food Safety Act of 2022 is within Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause.
Provide your analysis of whether or not the Court would find §302 (licensing/education requirements), as it is applied to FCI, constitutional. In doing so, be sure to:Support your analysis with references to the U.S. Constitution and/or then existing U.S. Supreme Court precedent.
Consider and discuss arguments that may not support your view.
Provide your analysis of whether or not the Court would find §303 (procedures and prices), as it is applied to FCI, constitutional. In doing so, be sure to:Support your analysis with references to the U.S. Constitution and/or then existing U.S. Supreme Court precedent.
Consider and discuss arguments that may not support your view.
Note #1: Although the questions above have changed, the story/facts are the same as in Exam #1, EXCEPT two changes—both changes are highlighted in yellow.
Note #2: For purposes of these questions, assume that JJ purchases oranges and other citrus fruits only from Florida farms and orchards, that this fruit is shipped to FCI’s small facility in Fort Meyers, Florida, and that the juice made at the Fort Meyers facility is sold only to health food stores and restaurants located in Florida.
(In other words, assume JJ DOES NOT ship his products to Georgia or Alabama).
Note #3: Here’s a handy list of relevant cases
NLRB v Jones & Laughlin Steel (1937)
US v Darby (1941)
Wickard v Filburn (1942)
US v Lopez (1995)
Gonzales v Raich (2005)
NFIB v Sebelius (2012)
(make refences to thing we have read )
Congress can regulate local activity

Categories
Law

Question 1 (100 points) During a recent salmonella outbreak, thousands of indivi

Question 1 (100 points)
During a recent salmonella outbreak, thousands of individuals became seriously ill. Thankfully, no one died. A subsequent investigation revealed that the source of the outbreak came from “fresh-squeezed” orange juice served in restaurants and available in health food stores. Ironically, many people think of “fresh-squeezed” juices as being better for them than “processed” juices. However, if “fresh-squeezed” juice is made from produce contaminated with salmonella bacteria, the bacteria can transfer to the juice and cause the individual who consumes it to become ill (e.g. nausea and vomiting). The illness typically lasts for no more than a week, but it can lead to long term complications or even death. In response to the public outrage over the outbreak, Congress enacted the Food Safety Act of 2022 (FSA). Section 301 of the FSA states Congress’ intention to “establish a nationwide program to protect juice consumers from the adverse effects of tainted produce and juices made from that produce.” The FSA contains many provisions. Section 302 of the FSA establishes licensing and citrus processing education requirements for “individuals employed by any juice maker.” Section 302 requires all such individuals to obtain a license within 30 days of being hired by a juice making company and it states that the license can only be obtained after 4 weeks of education and training (paid for by the employer) regarding the handling of produce and the making of juices from that produce. In addition, Section 303 of the FSA creates a regulatory scheme designed to establish safe juice making procedures and minimum prices (via a formula that takes account of local market conditions) for juice sold by juice processors. Apparently, the investigation into the outbreak revealed that some of the bad juice came from processors selling their product at very low prices (i.e. they had taken safety shortcuts in their procedures to enable low cost production).
Julius James (JJ) owns Florida Citrus Incorporated (FCI). FCI prides itself on its non-processed juices made and sold in Florida. JJ purchases oranges and other citrus fruits only from Florida farms and orchards. The fruit is shipped to FCI’s small facility in Fort Meyers, Florida. The juice made at the Fort Meyers facility is sold only to health food stores and restaurants located in Florida. FCI has annual sales revenue of approximately $1,250,000 and employs 25 people. By comparison, Miami Citrus Company, one of FCI’s competitors, employs hundreds of people, has annual sale revenues of over $50 million, and its juices are sold throughout the southeastern United States.
Juice made by FCI was not involved in the salmonella outbreak. Nevertheless, it seems FCI must comply with the FSA. JJ estimates it will cost FCI upwards of $15,000 just to comply with the licensing/education requirements of §302 because he will have to pay for all his current employees to undergo the required training. He’ll also have to pay for the training of any new employees he hires. In addition, he will have to pay higher wages to them to prevent them from leaving FCI once they’ve obtained the license. Moreover, he is upset that the §303 procedures and price requirements will require FCI to spend additional monies—he estimates an amount close to $600,000—on new equipment and will force FCI to sell its juice at a price higher than the price at which it has previously sold perfectly safe juice.
JJ has come to his attorney to see if there is any way FCI can avoid complying with the FSA. The attorney thinks FCI has an argument based on the commerce clause and she has asked you, her law clerk, to research this issue and write a memo summarizing your findings. In particular, the partner has asked you to answer the following questions:
Assume that cases decided from 1937 to through the end of 2012 are the applicable law.State the general rule of law applied by the Supreme Court in determining whether or not statutes such as the Food Safety Act of 2022 is within Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause.
Provide your analysis of whether or not the Court would find §302 (licensing/education requirements), as it is applied to FCI, constitutional. In doing so, be sure to:Support your analysis with references to the U.S. Constitution and/or then existing U.S. Supreme Court precedent.
Consider and discuss arguments that may not support your view.
Provide your analysis of whether or not the Court would find §303 (procedures and prices), as it is applied to FCI, constitutional. In doing so, be sure to:Support your analysis with references to the U.S. Constitution and/or then existing U.S. Supreme Court precedent.
Consider and discuss arguments that may not support your view.
Note #1: Although the questions above have changed, the story/facts are the same as in Exam #1, EXCEPT two changes—both changes are highlighted in yellow.
Note #2: For purposes of these questions, assume that JJ purchases oranges and other citrus fruits only from Florida farms and orchards, that this fruit is shipped to FCI’s small facility in Fort Meyers, Florida, and that the juice made at the Fort Meyers facility is sold only to health food stores and restaurants located in Florida.
(In other words, assume JJ DOES NOT ship his products to Georgia or Alabama).
Note #3: Here’s a handy list of relevant cases
NLRB v Jones & Laughlin Steel (1937)
US v Darby (1941)
Wickard v Filburn (1942)
US v Lopez (1995)
Gonzales v Raich (2005)
NFIB v Sebelius (2012)
(make refences to thing we have read )
Congress can regulate local activity

Categories
Law

For this assignment, you will select a contemporary issue that is negatively imp

For this assignment, you will select a contemporary issue that is negatively impacting the delivery of criminal justice—one that will be the focus of
your final case analysis and recommendation brief. Although you may choose your own topic, you may not choose public policy. In this draft, you will
demonstrate your understanding of the issue and its history, evolution, and development. You will need to focus on past and future criminological theories and
policies behind the issue. Given your analysis of the issue, discuss the impact on society and what problems need to be addressed to remedy the negative
ramifications.
Your submission should include reference to recent peer-reviewed articles, be 1 to 2 pages in length (in addition to title and reference
pages) and should use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Use APA style to cite your sources within the text of your paper
and on the reference page.

Categories
Law

For your assignment, you will be rewriting a part of the U.S. Constitution using

For your assignment, you will be rewriting a part of the U.S. Constitution using what you have learned in this class about the US Constitution, how it differs from other constitutions and alternative methods of constructing a government. You are free to start with what is already in the US Constitution and then add to or modify what is already there. Or you can start from scratch and write a completely new Article.
There will be several parts to this assignment. First, pick one of the Articles in the US Constitution and describe what you think its weaknesses are. You may also select the Bill of Rights instead of one of the Articles. For example, you might pick Article II and point out that, among other deficiencies, the president’s powers are very vague (compared to Article I at least) and that the president is not directly elected. Or, you might select the Bill of Rights and describe rights and liberties that are not found in it.
The second part will be your proposed replacement Article. This will make up the bulk of your paper. Please be specific in what you would like to see in this Article. In the final section you should describe how your proposed replacement will correct the deficiencies you described in the first part of the paper.
General criteria:
Your paper must be typed. Please use standard margins of one inch on all sides and a 12 point font . Your paper should be 1350 words long, which is about 4 to 5 double spaced pages. Please watch your spelling.

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Law

Discussion: The response should be a minimum of 250 words and must be supported

Discussion: The response should be a minimum of 250 words and must be supported by 3 scholarly references. All sources must be cited properly using APA format.
Should post-prison reintegration programs be race neutral? Were the factors that led to offending and incarceration race neutral? In what ways should issues of race and ethnicity be considered when creating policies to facilitate inmate readjustment to society upon release?

Categories
Law

For your assignment, you will be rewriting a part of the U.S. Constitution using

For your assignment, you will be rewriting a part of the U.S. Constitution using what you have learned in this class about the US Constitution, how it differs from other constitutions and alternative methods of constructing a government. You are free to start with what is already in the US Constitution and then add to or modify what is already there. Or you can start from scratch and write a completely new Article.
There will be several parts to this assignment. First, pick one of the Articles in the US Constitution and describe what you think its weaknesses are. You may also select the Bill of Rights instead of one of the Articles. For example, you might pick Article II and point out that, among other deficiencies, the president’s powers are very vague (compared to Article I at least) and that the president is not directly elected. Or, you might select the Bill of Rights and describe rights and liberties that are not found in it.
The second part will be your proposed replacement Article. This will make up the bulk of your paper. Please be specific in what you would like to see in this Article. In the final section you should describe how your proposed replacement will correct the deficiencies you described in the first part of the paper.
General criteria:
Your paper must be typed. Please use standard margins of one inch on all sides and a 12 point font . Your paper should be 1200-1500 words long, which is about 4 to 5 double spaced pages. Please watch your spelling.

Categories
Law

1. Review the concept of Stoicism (ethics section) Link: https://plato.stanford

1. Review the concept of Stoicism (ethics section)
Link: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/stoicism/#influence
In what ways is stoicism an ethical response to interaction with others? In what ways does it fail ethics?
Be sure to reference at least one ethical framework or philosopher to justify your reasoning. (300-350 words)
2. Based on the case United States v. Corey Ridolfi October 6, 2014
Link: https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-1st-circuit/1680014.html
Define these terms using the legal (not ordinary) meaning of the word(s) and explain how the term is used in US v. Ridolfi.Cite the source for your legal definition. Each definition and how it is used in the case. Two or three well-written sentences are an adequate response.
Appellant
Affirm
United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit
Federal
Stipulate
US Attorney
United States Code
3- There is a common element under both subsections (g) and (j) of 18 USC 922 that Ridolofi is arguing was not proved by the government.Identify that issue and explain how the First Circuit analyzed it.Use at least one precedent cited by the court in your response.

4- With regard to 18 USC 922 (j), defendant raises an additional issue.Identify that issue and explain how the court rules on it.

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Law

OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM FACT PATTERN Re: State v. Anchovy ___________________

OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM FACT PATTERN
Re: State v. Anchovy
____________________________________________________________/
On November 2nd, 2022, Arnie Anchovy contacted our firm again for help. After paying a large retainer, he shared the following facts:
On or about November 1st, 2022, Arnie saw Barney Bacon, and his wife Carlie Bacon, eating outside of Gumby’s. All of them were in Gainesville for a conference called “Pizza & COVID- A Cheesy New Perspective.” Although Barney and Carlie did not see him (since it was late at night), Arnie watched Carlie lovingly feeding Barney Pokey Stix. He flew into a jealous rage and then noticed that they had matching bicycles parked nearby- each bearing its own separate license plate that said, “Barney Loves Carlie More Than Pizza!” and “Carlie Loves Barney As Much As Pizza!”
Arnie was so jealous and angry that he approached Carlie’s bike and opened a small sack attached to the seat. Inside he saw a dozen Pokémon cards, gummy bears, a can of Jupina, and a gold bracelet he had given to her years ago. He stuffed the dozen Pokeman cards in his pocket, zipped up the sack, and tried to escape. Unfortunately, for him, Barnie and Carlie had seen everything and called the police who were patiently waiting nearby.
As Arnie tried to leave, Officer Tom Atoe and Detective Arthur Tragg, arrested him. Arnie was silent. He posted bond and left jail scared and confused. Not knowing what to do, Arnie decided to retain a lawyer and, lucky for us, he picked our firm.
I called the Assistant State Attorney assigned to the case- Hamm Burger- who told me he was “throwing the book” at Arnie and charging him with statutory burglary pursuant to Florida Statute 810.02(b)1.
As of the date of this memo, I learned that formal charges have been filed. I asked one our partners, Della Street, to start the legal research. Della provided me with a copy of the Florida Statutes 810.011 and 810.02 and a copy of Braswell v. State, 671 So. 2d 228 (Fla. 1st DCA 1996).
Please prepare an inter-office memo addressing whether the State can meet the statutory elements for burglary under Florida Statute 810.02(b)1 and if we can use the holding in Braswell to help our client. I will put the Florida Statutes and Braswell, along with the office memo template in Canvas for you to use.
Your memo should be between 500-550 words. Please do NOT do any outside research. Please do not consult with any of your classmates unless otherwise authorized by me in writing. You can only use the materials provided herein.
OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM TEMPLATE- THIS FORMAT MUST BE USED
From: Your Name Here
Re: State v. Anchovy_
_____
___Statement of Assignment
You have asked me to prepare an inter-office memorandum addressing the legal question raised in a burglary indictment by the State of Florida against our client, Arnie Anchovy (“Arnie”). This memorandum is intended to be privileged and confidential and shall not be shared with any third parties outside of our law firm.
Key Facts
Assigned Research Issue
Did Arnie commit a burglary pursuant to Florida Statute 810.02(b)(1) by taking the dozen Pokemon cards from the sack on Carlie’s bicycle?
Brief Answer
Analysis
Conclusion

Categories
Law

OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM FACT PATTERN Re: State v. Anchovy ___________________

OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM FACT PATTERN
Re: State v. Anchovy
____________________________________________________________/
On November 2nd, 2022, Arnie Anchovy contacted our firm again for help. After paying a large retainer, he shared the following facts:
On or about November 1st, 2022, Arnie saw Barney Bacon, and his wife Carlie Bacon, eating outside of Gumby’s. All of them were in Gainesville for a conference called “Pizza & COVID- A Cheesy New Perspective.” Although Barney and Carlie did not see him (since it was late at night), Arnie watched Carlie lovingly feeding Barney Pokey Stix. He flew into a jealous rage and then noticed that they had matching bicycles parked nearby- each bearing its own separate license plate that said, “Barney Loves Carlie More Than Pizza!” and “Carlie Loves Barney As Much As Pizza!”
Arnie was so jealous and angry that he approached Carlie’s bike and opened a small sack attached to the seat. Inside he saw a dozen Pokémon cards, gummy bears, a can of Jupina, and a gold bracelet he had given to her years ago. He stuffed the dozen Pokeman cards in his pocket, zipped up the sack, and tried to escape. Unfortunately, for him, Barnie and Carlie had seen everything and called the police who were patiently waiting nearby.
As Arnie tried to leave, Officer Tom Atoe and Detective Arthur Tragg, arrested him. Arnie was silent. He posted bond and left jail scared and confused. Not knowing what to do, Arnie decided to retain a lawyer and, lucky for us, he picked our firm.
I called the Assistant State Attorney assigned to the case- Hamm Burger- who told me he was “throwing the book” at Arnie and charging him with statutory burglary pursuant to Florida Statute 810.02(b)1.
As of the date of this memo, I learned that formal charges have been filed. I asked one our partners, Della Street, to start the legal research. Della provided me with a copy of the Florida Statutes 810.011 and 810.02 and a copy of Braswell v. State, 671 So. 2d 228 (Fla. 1st DCA 1996).
Please prepare an inter-office memo addressing whether the State can meet the statutory elements for burglary under Florida Statute 810.02(b)1 and if we can use the holding in Braswell to help our client. I will put the Florida Statutes and Braswell, along with the office memo template in Canvas for you to use.
Your memo should be between 500-550 words. Please do NOT do any outside research. Please do not consult with any of your classmates unless otherwise authorized by me in writing. You can only use the materials provided herein.
OFFICE RESEARCH MEMORANDUM TEMPLATE- THIS FORMAT MUST BE USED
From: Your Name Here
Re: State v. Anchovy_
_____
___Statement of Assignment
You have asked me to prepare an inter-office memorandum addressing the legal question raised in a burglary indictment by the State of Florida against our client, Arnie Anchovy (“Arnie”). This memorandum is intended to be privileged and confidential and shall not be shared with any third parties outside of our law firm.
Key Facts
Assigned Research Issue
Did Arnie commit a burglary pursuant to Florida Statute 810.02(b)(1) by taking the dozen Pokemon cards from the sack on Carlie’s bicycle?
Brief Answer
Analysis
Conclusion